The spinal discs are an important part of the spinal anatomy, as they serve
as shock absorbing cushions positioned between the vertebrae. The discs
have a rubbery exterior and gel-like center, which allows for flexibility
in movement of the spine as well as cushioning to sustain impact from
daily activities. Over time, spinal discs may sustain damage that causes
them to slip out of place or bulge outward from the spine, which can irritate
surrounding nerves and cause a number of symptoms, including severe back
pain. With the advanced diagnostic and treatment technologies available
at Miami Spine Specialists, you can recover from a herniated disc that
is disrupting your routine in Miami. Read on to learn more about herniated
discs and the treatment options our physicians can offer.
Causes of Herniated Discs
Herniated discs occur when the center of the disc pushes on the outer edge,
causing the disc to move out of place and put pressure on the surrounding
nerves. This process generally takes place as the discs dry out with the
aging process, making them less flexible. Factors such as smoking, impact
injuries, repetitive stress, poor lifting techniques, and obesity may
also lead to disc herniation, since these conditions put added stress
on the spine and intervertebral discs.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Like other spinal conditions, the symptoms of a herniated disc will vary
depending on the location of the problem. Herniated discs are most common
in the lower back (lumbar spine) and neck (cervical spine), where stress
is highest on the spinal structures. To diagnose a herniated disc in either
of these locations, our herniated disc doctors will use a combination
of digital diagnostic imaging, a physical examination, and a review of
your health history and symptoms. Below, you can get a closer look at
some of the symptoms that you might discuss with your doctor at our institute.
Cervical Spine – Herniated discs in the neck might cause localized pain and stiffness in
the neck and shoulders. You might also have shooting pain, tingling, or
weakness in one arm along with headaches that seem to originate in the
back of the head.
Lumbar Spine – In the lower back, herniated discs may lead to tingling in the legs or
buttocks, burning or pins and needles sensations in the lower extremities,
and loss of bladder control. Shooting pain in the buttocks is another
common symptom referred to as sciatica, since it is caused by pressure
on the sciatic nerve from the slipped disc.
To live free of back and spine pain with a complete range of surgical and
conservative treatment options in Miami, call Miami Spine Specialists
at (305) 532-0065. We will provide exceptional, personalized care to help
you overcome a wide range of conditions, including herniated disc, scoliosis,
spinal stenosis, and kyphosis.